Date: 2015
By: The Anti-Ageism Taskforce at the Intergenerational Longevity Center
Link: https://aging.columbia.edu/sites/default/files/Ageism_in_America.pdf

Reflection & Thoughts

This report states that there are four different types of ageism: personal ageism, institutional ageism, intentional ageism and unintentional ageism (ILC-USA). The degree and manifestation of ageism vary across cultures and societies. Although Singapore has its fair amount of regulations to curb this discriminatory practice, there are still signs of ageism concealed in our everyday conversations, the media and government policies. 

Personal Ageism: Ideas, attitudes, beliefs, and practices on the part of individuals that are biased against persons or groups based on their older age. 

Institutional Ageism: Missions, rules, and practices that discriminate against individuals and or groups because of their older age. 

Intentional Ageism: Ideas, attitudes, rules, or practices that are carried out with the knowledge that they are biased against persons or groups based on their older age. “Intentional ageism” includes carrying out practices that take advantage of the vulnerabilities of older persons.

Unintentional Ageism: Ideas, attitudes, rules, or practices that are carried out without the perpetrator’s awareness that they are biased against persons or groups based on their older age. Also known as “inadvertent ageism.”

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